A four-star at retirement, General Kerwin was also instrumental in ending the Draft. From October 1943 to September 1944 he commanded the Twentieth Armored Division at Camp Campbell, Kentucky. Major General Maurice Rose [11] Approximately 7 of the soldiers were killed in action and another 27 soldiers from the division were wounded in action during combat operations. General Ulmer then attended the Army War College and was subsequently selected for duty on its faculty. He was promoted to Major General on May 27, 1949. I was not able to find any other information on General Watson other than that he retired in 1953. June 1986 to March 1988. Major General Berton E. Spivey Jr. The 3rd Armored Division Artillery (DIVARTY) was the divisional artillery command for the 3rd Armored Division, last stationed at Hanau before its inactivation in 1991.. Constituted in 1941, the DIVARTY served with the division during World War II and was inactivated after the end of the war along with the division. Chief of Staff of the 37th Inf. Forces, Austria (1948-51); CG, 25th Division (1951-52); CG, III Corps (1952-53); and CG, V Corps (1953-54). Various National Guard and Army Reserve units were then attached to the division for the duration of the conflict, swelling the division's size to over 20,000 troops – 25% larger than during its time in Germany. The 3rd Armored Division NCO Academy was at Ayers Kaserne at Kirch-Gons. General Gillem was a veteran of WWI. The 1st Battalion, 33rd Armor was also reflagged and stationed at Fort Campbell and the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault), as the 1st Squadron, 33rd Cavalry Regiment, and is assigned to the Division's 3rd Brigade Combat Team. The 3rd Armored Division lost more tanks in combat than any other U.S. division. Association of 3rd Armored Division Veterans (All-era group) – Extensive historical information, personal photos, and featuring a roster of Operation Desert Storm troops. His awards and decorations include: the Distinguished Service Medal (with two Oak Leaf Clusters); Defense Superior Service Medal; Legion of Merit (with two Oak Leaf Clusters); Distinguished Flying Cross; Bronze Star Medal (with two Oak Leaf Clusters); Meritorious Service Medal (with three Oak Leaf Clusters); Air Medal with “V” device (and twenty-five Oak Leaf Clusters); Army Commendation Medal with “V” device (and three Oak Leaf Clusters); Vietnam Service Medal (with three Oak Leaf Clusters); Kuwait Liberation Medal; Saudi Service Medal (with three bronze stars); the Army Aviator Badge, and; the Joint Chief of Staff Identification Badge. He attended the Naval War College (1950); commanded the 2d Armored Cavalry in Germany (1950-51); assigned Hq's Allied Land Forces Central Europe (1951-52); Chief-of-Staff X Corps in the Korean War; served on the Army Staff (1960-62); Commanding General, 1st Army (1964-65); and Commander Southern Command and the Canal Zone (1965). April 1955 to July 1956. The mixture of insignia and distinctive colors of several arms incorporated in the Armored Force symbolize integrity and esprit. He was captured at Corregidor and was a prisoner of war from 1942 to 1945. He also holds a Master of Arts Degree in Political Science from Indiana University. Born in Bangor, Maine, Walter Ulmer graduated from West Point in the Class of 1952. July 1945, Major General Robert W. Grow He was Virginia Tree Farmer of the Year in 1995. It started out with his first Army command assignment, as an infantry platoon leader. Born in Belton, Texas, December 3, 1899. [citation needed] During the night, both darkness and sandstorms hampered soldiers' visibility, but thermal sighting systems on board the M1A1 Abrams tanks and Bradleys allowed gunners to knock out Iraqi targets. His awards included the Distinguished Service Medal, two Legions of Merit, and the Bronze Star Medal. It was the first U.S. armored division to be stationed east of the Rhine River in the Cold War. Brigadier General Truman Everett Boudinot Schloss Kaserne, Butzbach. Includes, for example, complete text of the 260-page 3AD World War II history "Spearhead in the West" ; audio of President Kennedy's speech to the troops in 1963; details on 3AD Cold War nuclear weapons; Spearhead Newspaper's Gulf War reports; and a look at Elvis Presley's Army days. Brigadier General Raymond E. S. Williamson Major General Thomas Fraley Van Natta, III (1906-1988) He was wounded (shrapnel and concussion), spent 3 weeks in a hospital, but returned to his unit against doctor's orders. The 3rd Armored Division had thirty-nine commanders over the course of its history, many of whom went on to four star rank. Until this happened, they could not get across the hedgerows. Forging the Shield: The U.S. Army in Europe, 1951–1962. The 3rd Armored Division Artillery (DIVARTY) was the divisional artillery command for the 3rd Armored Division, last stationed at Hanau before its inactivation in 1991. Later, higher-numbered U.S. armored divisions of World War II were smaller, with a higher ratio of armored infantry to tanks, based on lessons of the fighting in North Africa. His first assignment was to West Germany, where he served as a platoon leader and company commander. July 1989 to April 7, 1991. again. He was only 45 years old. He was Spearhead's CG March 1965 to October 1966. Liberated in the path of the division were Meaux, Soissons, Laon, Marle, Mons, Charleroi, Namur and Liege. He retired in Washington D.C. on July 30, 1953, in ceremonies at Fort McNair, after more than 35 years of service. In 1971, he returned to Vietnam, where he served with the 101st Airborne Division as a brigade executive officer and a deputy brigade commander. At that time, it was the Army’s only Tank Regiment and he became one of the leaders in the establishment and development of our Armored Force. April 1941 to January 1942. Following Desert Storm, a number of the division's units were transferred to the 1st Armored Division. He next commanded the 40th Armored Regiment from 1941 to 1942. Following WW II he served as Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3, III Corps, Chief of Staff of the 2d Armored Division, Commanding Officer of the 21st Inf. 3AD.com – The 3rd Armored Division History Foundation – Covering 1941 to 1992 with high-quality photos, feature articles, documents, audio, and more. The most famous soldier in the 3rd Armored Division during the 1950s was Elvis Presley, assigned to Company A, 1st Medium Tank Battalion, 32d Armor, Combat Command C at Ray Barracks in Friedberg. Just better. [7] MG Alvan Cullom Gillem, Jr. (April 1941 – January 1942) The NCO Academy contained two companies: Co. A was assigned to the medieval castle at Usingen-Kransberg, while Co. B was located in Butzbach. The unit was reorganized as the 1st Squadron, 32nd Cavalry Regiment, and is assigned to the 1st Brigade Combat Team of the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) as its organic Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Target Acquisition (RSTA) element. In that position, he was responsible for the coordination of an international staff of more than 1,000 personnel from nine countries. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel on August 1, 1938. In 1998, he was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Engineering from Montana State. He died at Round Hill, Virginia on 2 March 1994. His awards included the Silver Star Medal, two Legions of Merit, and two Bronze Star Medals. degree. Graduate of the Infantry School, Command and General Staff School and the Army War College. Now (in 2003) Aurio Pierro is retired and living in Lexington, MA, having practiced law for over fifty years. Other units were attached to 3AD to bring it up to, and even beyond, full strength. Thomas Griffin, Lieutenant General (retired), had a long and distinguished military career. He is shown here on the right bailing out of his tank after it was hit by a Panther tank shell. The 3rd Armored Division arrived in Normandy, France, on Jun 23 1944 and entered combat against the Villiers – Fossard salient north-east of Saint Lô on June 29-30 1944. As an example, 3–5 ADA was replaced by the 8th Infantry Division's 5th Battalion, 3rd Air Defense Artillery. As a "heavy" division, the 3rd Armored possessed two armored regiments totaling four medium tank battalions and two of light tanks (18 companies) instead of three tank battalions containing both (12 companies), 232 medium tanks instead of the 168 allotted a light armored division, and with attached units numbered over 16,000 men, instead of the normal 12,000 found in the light armored divisions. October 1951 to November 1952. He retired in 1963 as a Major General. By 1990, communism in eastern Europe collapsed, the two German states reunited, and the Soviet Army was being withdrawn back to the Soviet Union. The 3rd Armored Division (Spearhead) was activated on Apr 15, 1941, at Camp Beauregard, Louisiana. Born in Pierre, South Dakota on November 15, 1902. According to Karl Lowe in his www.usarmygermany.com article, in 1976 the army wanted to move the 2d Brigade's home station from Gelnhausen to Alsfeld, which lay in the Northern Advance Route for Soviet Forces out of the Fulda Gap; however the Germans wouldn't agree to a major share in building brigade facilities at Alsfeld, so the plan was dropped. The division was stationed in West Germany for much of the Cold War, and participated in the Persian Gulf War. Thomas C. Miller March 1945 to June 1945. General Hickey assumed command of the division on March 31, 1945. Also in June 1962 the nuclear warheads for the Davy Crocketts arrived in USAREUR (3rd AD combat maneuver battalions were issued Davy Crocketts). He graduated from the Chemical Warfare School (1934), the Army War College (1935), and the Naval War College (1936). General Ulmer’s astute and inspiring leadership was equally effective during his command of the 3rd Armored Division in Germany. On Mar 9, 1942, it came under the command of Gen Lesley J. McNair’s Army Ground Forces (AGF) and was assigned to the II Armored … In 1986, Griffin returned to the 3rd Armored Division as its Commander. December of 1950 was named commanding general of Task Force 3.2 of Operation Greenhouse in the Marshall Islands. He attended the Naval War College (1947); served at Hq's EUCOM (1950); was the Assist. CCB crossed into the Airel Bridgehead on July 7 and the division reached the Haut-Vents crossroads after heavy combat by July 11. The 3rd AD arrived in the European Theatre on 15 September 1943, conducting pre-invasion training in the Liverpool and Bristol areas. Rutherford preceded the final salute to General Crosbie E. Saint, USAREUR Commander, with a loudly shouted "Spearhead!" General Watson next commanded Combat Command A, 3d Armored Division from August 1942 to August 1944.General Watson was relieved shortly after the division landed at Normandy and replaced by General Maurice Rose. In June 1962 USAREUR maxed out its Cold War troop strength; that number was never achieved again. He graduated from the Command and General Staff School (1928), was promoted to Major on June 20, and was ordered to the Personnel Section (of which he became chief in 1930), Office of Chief of Cavalry, in Washington, D.C. WW2 Fallen - Silver Star hero Karl Kellner, 3rd Armored Division, at the Duel at the Cathedral Lt. Karl Kellner was a 3rd Armored Division Sherman tank commander. Gen. Robert H.: Certain Victory. Major General Creighton Williams Abrams Jr. (1914 – 1974) The division was activated on 15 April 1941 at Camp Beauregard, Louisiana. During the first day of battle, the 3rd Armored Division pushed 18 miles into Iraq, taking over 200 prisoners. He was also the Division's assistant commander in 1959-60. One website I found claimed he commanded the 29th. July 1945 to November 1945, Major General Ray T. Maddocks In 1948 he was made commanding general of the 8th Army in Japan. To prepare their soldiers for an invasion, the 3rd Armored Division's units frequently conducted field training in Bavaria at Hohenfels Training Center, Hohenfels, Bavaria; Wildflecken Training Center; and Grafenwöhr Training Center, conducting exercises of live fire, movement and communications. COL Miller commanded 2d Squadron, 14th Cavalry, Strykehorse, in the 25th ID from 2015 to 2017. Command Sergeant Major. Six days later the outfit had sped through Courville and Chartres and was located at the banks of the Seine River. It was the largest coalition division in the Gulf War and the largest U.S. armored division in history. Major General Alvan Cullom Gillem, Jr. April 1941 to January 1942. DIVISION ARTILLERY. Lieutenant General Alvan Cullom Gillem Jr., was the first commander of the 3d Armored Division. Griffin then went to Washington, D.C., to serve as an assignment officer in the U.S. Army Military Personnel Center. During that assignment, he was also Community Commander of the Giessen Military Community. April 1968 to August 1969, Major General Morgan G. Roseborough Allen was commissioned a Second Lieutenant, Sixteenth Cavalry, Regular Army, on November 29, 1916, and subsequently a First Lieutenant. Total battle and non-battle casualties equalled 16,122. An Overview of 3rd Armored Division Operations in the Gulf War By SSG Gail Thueson ... Mac. The Cold War U.S. Army: Building Deterrence for Limited War. In WWII he served as the commander of CCA and G3 of the 9th Armored Division (1943-44) and the Deputy Commanding General of the 82d Airborne Division (1944-45). General Gillem ended his career at the same place it began, Fort McPherson. After facing heavy fighting in the hedgerows, and developing methods to overcome the vast thickets of brush and earth that constrained its mobility, the unit broke out at Marigny, alongside the 1st Infantry Division, and swung south to Mayenne. Born April 11, 1895 in Chambersburg, PA. He died 27 September 1957 at Pebble Beach, California. 3rd Armored Division (Page 3 - Division Trains/Division Support Command) Looking for more information from military/civilian personnel assigned to or associated with the U.S. Army in Germany from 1945 to 1989. In 1958, he was assigned to the Department of Military Topography and Graphics at West Point, and, following that tour, he attended the Command and General Staff College. He died at Winter Park, Florida on 29 July 1987. Major General George Alfred Joulwan (1939 – living) 3rd Armored Division (United States). [5] Occupational duty near Langen was given the division following V-E Day, a role it filled until inactivation on 10 November 1945. The 3rd Armored Division had three M1A1 Abrams tanks damaged during combat operations. Major General Leroy Hugh Watson Born on 9 July 1905 in South Dakota, he was commissioned a field artillery officer from the U.S. Military Academy in 1927. Before his burial at Arlington National Cemetery, he was promoted to the rank of Full General. General Gillem commanded the 2nd Armored Brigade, and then General Gillem commanded the 3d Armored Division from April 1941, to January 1942. Received appointment as temporary Colonel in February 1941 and promoted to Brigadier General on July 10, 1941. During the month of Jun 1941, it moved to Camp Polk, Louisiana. Born 15 September 1914 in Massachusetts, he was commissioned a cavalry officer from the U.S. Military Academy in 1936. During the ground war, 3rd AD destroyed hundreds of Iraqi tanks and vehicles, and captured more than 2,400 Iraqi prisoners. He then was assigned to Infantry School at Ft. Benning, GA. Roderick Random Allen, (1894-1970) an army officer who served in three wars, the son of Jefferson Buffington and Emma (Albers) Allen, was born on January 29, 1894, in Marshall, Texas, and spent his youth in Palestine, Texas. He attended the Cavalry School and was assigned (1923) to command Company A, Seventh Cavalry, Fort Bliss, and served as regimental adjutant. Served as instructor at the United States Military Academy, the Infantry school and the Coast Artillery School. Commissioned a second lieutenant of Armor, he was immediately immersed in the rigors of unit leadership, commanding companies in the 56th Amphibious Tank and Tractor Battalion in Korea, the 6th Tank Battalion, 24th Infantry Division in Japan, and the 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment of the 82nd Airborne Division. Deployment of advance elements of 3AD began in December, with the remaining deploying units arriving by January. He did not survive his wounds. Text-only listings of their large World War II collection, which must be visited in person. The division fought in France in World War I. 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