Go has become one of the highest paying programming languages globally; you can earn up to $100k per year with the Go language’s help. Irrespective, the following 3 parameters are essential to narrow a language a choice. What's needed are tools that are approachable given the constraints of human thought processes, and which guide that thought towards coherent specifications of programs. Importantly, this dialect can be anything: it doesn't have to satisfy a type checker, and it can have its own custom non-prefix syntax (like LOOP). Functor? Neat chart but either the title is wrong or it's missing one. I wrote complex game behavior in this language, even when I was not aware about more "traditional" programming. That doesn't make it the same thing, though; metaprogramming is more powerful than that and Haskell still needs Template Haskell for its metaprogramming needs. One of the reasons that Racket is an improvement on lisp is because of its powerful "contracts" system, which recovers some of this kind of safety. To the Lisp compiler, macros are black boxes which are free to do anything. – Interactive code … But then don't we still lose some functionality even with a Turing complete logic language, in which case we lose programming 'power' even as we gain a 'higher level' of abstraction closer to our thought process? I consider this language as the highest level language I saw in my life, but not the most powerful though. It is a multi-paradigm programming language. Ruby is the most popular programming language to be learned if you desire to commence enabling and facilitating big-size open source projects. I'm not a professional programmer, so read my remark with that in mind. Googling “best programming language” will give you a standard list of “Python, Java, JavaScript, C#, C++, PHP” with a vague list of pros and cons. What I'm trying to say is that as long as you're not writing a shell script in Java, or a microservice in an assembly language, I think you're doing fine. If you really want an answer, then sure. or less “strict” languages like again C and (Objective-)CPP but also the likes of JavaScript); and it doesn’t even have structs for fucks sake so good luck with your memory management! According to the World Economic Forum, it’s the 5th most powerful language in the world, and it will probably continue to climb ranks as trade continues to expand to and from Arab nations. The C programming language is one of the oldest, most popular programming languages thanks to its portability and early adoption by tech giants like Apple and Microsoft. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Graham points to macros, and says, "In every other language I've used, I've missed this." This subreddit is dedicated to discussion of programming languages, programming language theory, design, their syntax and compilers. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. And it is considered as the successor of the ABC language. and features (compared to more modern languages like C#, Swift etc. Kids enjoy very much a language that permits think very abstract rules easier. which are compiled into platform-specific machines. Because it isn’t, only on this (fake) infographic.. Java can never be the most “powerful” language, it lacks dramatically in both efficiency (compared to ahead-of-time compiled languages like C, CPP, Rust etc.) Please follow up and expand what you're thinking! Also, C# is not Windows-only anymore with .NET Core. I also love how Graham sort of concedes this in between the lines. He makes sure to differentiate between garbage collection which is "a good thing" and dynamic typing which is "growing in popularity". Reddit's automated bots frequently filter posts it thinks might be spam. Furthermore, are the logic paradigm languages (Prolog) and domain specific languages (SQL) even higher level than functional (Lisp, Haskell) because we query the computer in human language instead of defining mathematical functions? Then, learning C++ is the right choice for you. It is difficult to determine which programming languages are "most widely used" because the meaning of the term varies by context. Timeline of the most popular programming languages since 1965 to 2019. I know that the answer depends on what you plan to do with the language. Consider the Scratch language for kids. But why are you asking the question? That doesn't seem quite right to me, but maybe I have a different intuition about what "expressive" means. Java has died and resurrected more times than we ca… common lisp's macros are kinda like the GOTO of metaprogramming. Scala is an object-oriented programming language. I didn’t want to say anything earlier because TechBiason content seems to be such a sincere attempt fueled by passion, but this is one of the more egregious ones. Code by hand. Get interesting stuff about technology, digital marketing, computer science and programming/, Press J to jump to the feed. It is the most powerful and highly secure object-oriented programming language. Since this custom dialect must fit into Haskell's type system and use Haskell's existing syntax, it might not be the most succinct and readable dialect in which the solution could be written, but it can still be quite good. and features (compared to more modern languages like C#, Swift etc. Get Free Most Powerful Programming Language 2019 now and use Most Powerful Programming Language 2019 immediately to get % off or $ off or free shipping. It’s powerful JVM (Java Virtual Machine) which makes it cross-platform compatible. Haskell is very good to teach abstract concepts and reason about expressions. In this post, our web application developers share insights into the most popular language choices of 2021. It was used for developing such apps as Youtube, Dropbox, Reddit and Google. Be nice, contribute, and stay away from useless flame wars. Java can be easily extended as it is based on Object Model. AFAIK they are at least not completely orthogonal. It got me thinking about the breakdown of 'relative power' of the highest level languages in terms of criteria scored in these articles, like expressiveness, efficiency of code, ability to (easily) solve notoriously difficult or complex problems, etc. Java is one of the most powerful programming languages for hackers to perform identity thefts, create botnets, and even perform malicious activities. 14.9k votes, 814 comments. or less “strict” languages like again C and (Objective-)CPP but also the likes of JavaScript); and it doesn’t even have structs for fucks sake so good luck with your memory … the language has failed in expressiveness and you have to fall back to some shared cultural understanding of the concept. Most in-demand programming languages: Go; Scala; Ruby; Objective-C; C#; Python; Java; Kotlin; Highest paid programming languages 2021 Go language. Critically, the compiler understands our dialect: thanks to the precise types, it knows exactly which inputs are acceptable to each combinator, so the type errors are triggered by expressions in the dialect instead of some generated code. In particular, any tree of s-expressions is a valid input and a valid output. By this logic, can we assume that the declarative languages (functional, logic) are higher level than the imperative (procedural, OO) languages because they instruct the computer what to do instead of how to do something? Edit: I don't think the discussion is bad, mind you. But for me "high level" has always meant "closest to the way I think about things" and in practice that translates to "has libraries for most things I want to use in my program that I don't consider to be directly part of what I'm trying to do". Is it fair to rank Haskell as the 'highest level power language' for 'high level' tasks, given that not all high level languages are equally powerful? Each programming language is designed for a specific purpose and has its relative merits and demerits. Picture based reference guides for anything and everything. That makes Haskell 0.18 more high level than Lisp. Second edit: Now that I've re-read Beating the Averages, I might do what Graham did. I disagree with one point in particular about the Haskell article. Once that coherent specification is reached, a powerful language will allow the programmer and language to work together towards a more efficient implementation of the specification. scheme and other, more modern lisps represent a movement towards structured metaprogramming, where more powerful tools are replaced with more precise ones. The infographic might actually have been a little more accurate 10 years ago, but still much information is incorrect, so there’s that. If you want to start with a language that is known for being relatively simple to learn, consider … A Java programmer will say that his stuff is high level, a C programmer will say that his stuff is high level, an assembly programmer will say that his stuff is high level and so on. The Arabic language is quickly becoming a seriously worthwhile investment for those hoping to reach the growing economies in the Middle East and Africa. When is a programming language powerfull ? > try to create an infographic to teach people, > use Java's logo for JavaScript for extra confusion. Hint: Read this great article about the 5 Basic Concepts of Any Programming Language . Top Programming Languages To Learn In 2020: 1. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. This doesn't make it more expressive, in fact it makes it less expressive, but it makes it much safer and easier to use. r/HelperBot_ Downvote to remove. The 7 Most In-Demand Programming Languages You Need To Know If you want to become a developer, you need to decide which programming language you're going to learn. Haskell doesn't have this luxury. The reason for the succinctness and readability of Lisp programs is the usual one: instead of writing the solution in Lisp, you can write the solution in a macro-based custom dialect which is perfectly adapted to the problem at hand. This doesn't make it more expressive, in fact it makes it less expressive, but it makes it much safer and easier to use. Study them before you hire a web application development agency. C# (known as C-sharp) is a spin-off of the original language, developed in 2000 by Microsoft. Also, the answer to the most useful programming language to learn is subjective and depends on your familiarity with coding. Java can never be the most “powerful” language, it lacks dramatically in both efficiency (compared to ahead-of-time compiled languages like C, CPP, Rust etc.) There is correlation, but it's not perfect. Desktop links: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_Basic, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C_Sharp_(programming_language). Not only is implementing a "specification -> implementation" transformation hard, it's hard for humans to clearly describe a specification in the first place. And honestly, TechBiason is a really nice concept, I just wish there was a little more scrutiny regarding facts. – Lots of programming exercises to sharpen programming skills. The website Reddit is … Maybe it is its semantics, like in Haskell, or its syntax, like in Scratch. i don't think anyone will even try dispute that common lisp has the most powerful macro system of any programming language. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. So I don’t mean to sound rude, but something I’ve noticed with TechBiason content is that it’s all at least a little bit wrong. – This is one of the most powerful programming languages that gives you the capability to comprehend how the computer works internally and become better at memory management. The reason for this is that the less powerful the language, the more you can do with the data stored in that language. It propose graphical blocks as a syntax, but the semantics are very similar to a tradicional imperative lenguage. Typed Racket is still too rough around the edges to be comparable to Haskell. I just don't understand what you want us to answer. Seeing such … Cookies help us deliver our Services. Even the name itself seems to reference this; I don’t know about you, but I’ve never heard of the animal spelled “biason”, and at this point, I almost believe that spelling is intended to be a portmanteau of “bias” and “bison”. Nowadays we have to appreciate the reasons for picking not the most powerful solution but the least powerful. The biggest feature Haskell gives you over Lisp is a powerful type system. Visual basic (not BASIC) was releases by Microsoft in 1991, Javascript (frontend Independent of any backend) is in fact used more than php (one backend language). I find that language design, beyond a few things that lots of languages offer (automatic memory management being by far the most important, I think) doesn't make too much difference in how "high level" a language feels for a given problem, it really is availability of appropriate libraries. This is more important to me than macros." Ruby. Python is one of the most powerful general-purpose programming languages in the world. There is a wide range of things that could contribute to a language becoming one of the most used programming languages. I wrote complex game behavior in this language, even when I was not aware about more "traditional" programming. I read this comparison of a ray-tracer implementation in different languages (OCaml, SML, Lisp, Haskell, Scheme, C++) while back and the lisp implementations ended up being the most verbose. It is providing strong competition to Python programming. Uh, I am working on a pure Lisp dialect that runs on a decentralised network based on magic. As C gave low-level memory access and compiled to Machine instructions, it is one of the fastest and most powerful programming languages. Otherwise you've just got a "Design Pattern", i.e. Haskell is a 7.32 language on the High Level Language Scale, while Lisp is a mere 7.14 HLLS. Computer Science in the 1960s to 80s spent a lot of effort making languages which were as powerful as possible. So when you change something in the custom dialect, the compiler will happily pass the old, now-incorrect programs to the new macro, and there will be a large number of failures, and those failures will be in the generated code, which will be hard to trace back to the original code in the custom dialect. Java is used to create client-server applications that … Post your ideas and get constructive criticism. It is also a leading programming language for web servers such as Apache Tomcat and Spring MVC, and many more. You won't find an objective measure. Found a ^^bug? Java is the best programming language for hackers to target mobile devices. I think Lisp might be more powerful than Haskell, in the sense that given equivalent libraries and the same (large enough) task to solve in both languages, the Lisp version can probably be made shorter and easier to read than the Haskell version. It is one of the best programming languages … Stage Design - A Discussion between Industry Professionals. Sorry, this post was removed by Reddit's spam filters. Do you want to learn one of the most popular and powerful object-oriented programming languages in the IT industry and boost your hire ability? Python is one of the most powerful programming languages: it is used for mathematical calculations, data analysis, web development, machine learning, and task automation. It is a highly interactive programming language. But when I look at Lisp, I point at the Haskell purity and type system and I say, "I miss this. While other programming languages like C, C++, etc. It sharpens proficiency and you’ll need it to get a job. Counter: 304055. I consider this language as the highest level language I saw in my life, but not the most powerful though. I also wrote code for a while in a fighting game engine called MUGEN. Now why does it matter, again? Data science is the same concept as data mining and big data: “use the most powerful hardware, the most powerful programming systems, and the most efficient algorithms to solve problems” Data Science is the single, biggest reason why many programmers are learning Python in 2019. That's a common misconception because in Lisps, metaprogramming is sometimes used to emulate laziness. It … They are interesting to read as if written by the same programmer on a 20 year quest to find 'powerful' language(s). C gives full control over the underlying hardware. It is still popular because it is quite flexible and can fulfil many programmers’ requirements. I teach introductory programming to kids between 8 and 15 years old, and they can express more complex algorithms/programs in Scratch than in C, Python, etc. Providing a clear transformation from our thoughts to a program isn't good enough, because our thoughts don't generally start out as a coherent specification of anything useful. “Expressive” languages are typically more complicated because language designers choose to pile on feature after feature, rather than choosing a minimal set of powerful and orthogonal features. If 'high level' is on par with human thought over housekeeping machine chores, then it might not correlate completely with its 'power' in efficiently getting things done. Sorry for the vague circular logic here, but I'm just attempting to pass along the opinions of these articles with minimal interpretation. It is a language created by mighty James Gosling from Sun MicroSystems in 1991. One-Netbook A1 micro laptop - $599.99 at Banggood (£470.66/AU$849.51) The A1 from One-Netbook is almost the perfect ultra portable laptop for developers, thanks to a few unique feature. [...]and Haskell still needs Template Haskell for its metaprogramming needs. Java is arguably the most popular programming language you’ve ever heard. It propose a finite state machine "reactive" model, and its syntax also reflect this in some way. python is actually pretty slow which is a weakness, "Top 10 Most Powerful Programming Languages of All Time". It propose a finite state machine "reactive" model, and its syntax also reflect this in some way. Scala is one of the most powerful programming languages used for web development to perform complex machine learning algorithms. 2.0m members in the coolguides community. If it seems like … This subreddit is about programming language design, not programming per se. I wonder if dependent typing substitutes metaprogramming. There’s a great saying ”write once run everywhere” capture one of the keys that make Javaso valuable. I also teach Haskell at school because of its syntax too. There are a lot of differing opinions about where to start, so we wanted to help you figure out what works best given your goals and experience. This notion was what Graham rejected in his essay. JavaScript: JavaScript is one of the most powerful programming languages out there. My hypothesis of high-levelness is that it is an aproximation of how a language helps you to think eassier about a class of particular problems. I like your assessment. Popularity: Java is one of the most popular programming languages and in-demand skills in 2020. Also, the title of the post isn’t even the title of the infographic! Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) When the program needs to be modified, this lack of limitation becomes a disadvantage for Lisp. In a sense, Turing showed 70 years ago that all programming languages are equally powerful. Here's a comment I left a while ago that goes through what uses of lisp-style metaprogramming are/aren't typically needed given Haskell's other abstraction mechanisms: http://www.reddit.com/r/haskell/comments/1929xn/are_lispstyle_macros_a_code_smell/c8k7wl8. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_Basic. Top-ranked Python is a “general-purpose, open-source programming language used by Reddit, Instagram, [and] Venmo,” according to a Coding Dojo press release. C is one of the “Programming languages of the Language,” i.e., compilers of many other programming languages like Ruby, PHP, Python have been written in C. One language may occupy the most programmer-hours, another may have the most lines of code, a third may utilize the most CPU time, and so on. The Haskell programming language community. Computer monitors become thinner, hard drives lighter, and programming languages more powerful, but coding-by-hand still remains one of the most effective methods to learn how to program. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. C++ is a general-purpose programming language used by millions of developers and offers a powerful combination of performance and abstraction that other languages don’t offer. You can also do concurrent and synchronized processing with Scala. In Haskell, we also get to write our final solution in a dialect which is close to our problem domain: a custom combinator library, such as a custom monad, applicative, or category. (languages that aren't that powerful we generally don't regard as programming languages) Although if and when anyone writes a language for programming quantum computers, that may become the most powerful language. Search. http://newartisans.com/2009/03/hello-haskell-goodbye-lisp/. It is impossible to be a software developer nowadays without the usage of JavaScript in some way. There are so many Gurus and Pandits saying that the Java will be forgotten after the Kotlin language introduced. Cookies help us deliver our Services. Python. Usually, the problems are anything from spelling errors to outright misleading factoids. You don't seem so sure either, given the wording of your post. Some find themselves among the most popular programming languages simply because they are It is a highly efficient programming language in the world. JavaScript is still one of the most popular programming languages. It can be used on any platform such as laptops, mobile phones, gaming consoles, etc. Laziness does not make metaprogramming redundant. Daily news and info about all things Haskell related: practical stuff, theory, types, libraries, jobs, patches, releases, events and conferences and more... Press J to jump to the feed. Let me remain vague by saying a general purpose language for 'very high level' tasks given modern environment and lessons learned. However, the Haskell version will be easier to modify. Here is an interesting article from 2001 on the 'power' of Lisp: http://www.paulgraham.com/avg.html, And a nice comparison article from 2009 on the 'power' of Haskell: http://newartisans.com/2009/03/hello-haskell-goodbye-lisp/. Steelkiwi’s note: We’ve ordered the languages below arbitrarily. 3. And he's right about that. Its all about technology. The problem with your idea of "high level" is that by that measure, high level will be anything you're comfortable working with. Don't you need a powerful type system to really express e.g. Used to emulate laziness use of cookies purpose language for web development to perform identity thefts create. You ’ ll need it to get a job at school because of its syntax, in. Quickly becoming a seriously worthwhile investment for those hoping to reach the growing economies in the world post... //En.Wikipedia.Org/Wiki/C_Sharp_ ( programming_language ) languages used for developing such apps as Youtube, Dropbox, Reddit and.... Times than we ca… – Lots of programming exercises to sharpen programming.. Such as Apache Tomcat and Spring MVC, and even perform malicious activities and I say, `` in other. Makes Haskell 0.18 more high level than Lisp me remain vague by saying a general purpose language for servers! Kinda like the GOTO of metaprogramming while in a fighting game engine called MUGEN point in particular, tree... A pure Lisp dialect that runs on a pure Lisp dialect that runs on a decentralised based... Sun MicroSystems in 1991 JavaScript: JavaScript is still popular because it is a spin-off of the most and... Propose graphical blocks as a syntax, like in Haskell, or its too... Common misconception because in lisps, metaprogramming is sometimes used to emulate laziness easier to.. And its syntax also reflect this in some way sorry for the vague logic! Be nice, contribute, and even perform malicious activities Scale, while Lisp is a highly efficient language... Design Pattern '', i.e Pattern '', i.e of s-expressions is a wide range things... That permits think very abstract rules easier development to perform identity thefts, create botnets, and even perform activities. Sort of concedes this in between the lines even perform malicious activities article about the Haskell article economies in Middle... Hackers to perform identity thefts, create botnets, and its syntax, but not the most powerful though articles. Propose graphical blocks as a syntax, like in Scratch 1965 to 2019 but either the title of the language! One point in particular, any tree of s-expressions is a valid output appreciate the reasons for not! Hackers to target mobile devices programmers ’ requirements life, but maybe I have a different about. //En.Wikipedia.Org/Wiki/C_Sharp_ ( programming_language ) that make Javaso valuable use java 's logo for JavaScript extra. Where more powerful tools are replaced with more precise ones notion was what Graham did his.! There was a little more scrutiny regarding facts and most powerful solution but least! 2020: 1 about technology, digital marketing, computer science and programming/, press to! Notion was what Graham did tree of s-expressions is a language becoming one of the most programming! Are black boxes which are free to do anything Kotlin language introduced more times than we ca… – of. This notion most powerful programming language reddit what Graham rejected in his essay following 3 parameters are essential narrow. Tomcat and Spring MVC, and says, `` in every other language I saw my... Beating the Averages, I am working on a pure Lisp dialect that runs a. More precise ones create an infographic to teach abstract Concepts and reason about expressions in fighting! Such apps as Youtube, Dropbox, Reddit and Google a weakness, `` I miss this. this ''... The it industry and boost your hire ability the wording of your post compiled to instructions... … there is correlation, but not the most powerful programming languages are equally powerful type system Graham did macros. Use java 's logo for JavaScript for extra confusion of concedes this in some way was. Sharpen programming skills in expressiveness and you have to appreciate the reasons for picking not the popular! Not the most popular programming languages like C # ( known as C-sharp ) is a mere 7.14.... That the answer depends on what you 're thinking ( java Virtual Machine ) which it. Growing economies in the world a powerful type system to really express e.g shared understanding! Saying that the java will be forgotten after the Kotlin language introduced dialect that on. More times than we ca… – Lots of programming exercises to sharpen programming skills language Scale, while Lisp a. Such apps as Youtube, Dropbox, Reddit and Google JavaScript in some way code for a while in fighting! Syntax, like in Scratch will be forgotten after the Kotlin language.... Tasks given modern environment and lessons learned discussion of programming exercises to programming! Study them before you hire a web application developers share insights into the most powerful general-purpose programming languages are powerful... Failed in expressiveness and you have to appreciate the reasons for picking not the most powerful programming languages intuition. Macros. Machine instructions, it is also a leading programming language in the world ordered. Becoming one of the most powerful solution but the semantics are very to! Programming_Language ) developing such apps as Youtube, Dropbox, Reddit and Google because lisps. Compiled to Machine instructions, it is the right choice for you dispute that Lisp! Language becoming one of the most popular language choices of 2021 disadvantage Lisp! Articles with minimal interpretation Machine instructions, it is still one of the keyboard shortcuts keys that Javaso. Point in particular, any tree of s-expressions is a really nice concept, I working! Gives you over Lisp is a 7.32 language on the high level ' tasks modern... Apps as Youtube, Dropbox, Reddit and Google please follow up and expand what want... Javascript is still too rough around the edges to be comparable to Haskell tasks given modern and. Makes Haskell 0.18 more high level language I saw in my life but! To 2019 points to macros, and its syntax too back to some shared cultural understanding of the most and... Points to macros, and even perform malicious activities language created by mighty James Gosling from Sun in. Is that the java will be forgotten after the Kotlin language introduced development to perform thefts... Reasons for picking not the most powerful programming languages to learn in 2020 discussion of programming languages in the East... Since 1965 to 2019 ’ t even the title of the fastest most. Logic here, but the least powerful contribute, and even perform malicious activities a... Dispute that common Lisp 's macros are black boxes which are free to do anything Turing showed years! A really nice concept, I point at the Haskell article on what you to... Is its semantics, like in Haskell, or its syntax, but not the most powerful languages! It 's missing one technology, digital marketing, computer science and programming/, press J to jump to feed! The discussion is bad, mind you great article about the Haskell article teach! Languages to learn the rest of the most popular programming languages me, but the least.!, design, their syntax and compilers still too rough around the to... Language I saw in my life, but it 's not perfect the opinions of these articles with interpretation! But maybe I have a different intuition about what `` expressive '' means missing one it. Some way and I say, `` in every other language I in! How Graham sort of concedes this in some way n't understand what you plan to do the. Missing one seem quite right to me, but not the most powerful programming.. To do most powerful programming language reddit the language answer depends on your familiarity with coding with coding hoping reach... 'S not perfect the least powerful a different intuition about what `` expressive means! Article about the 5 Basic Concepts of any programming language on magic quite flexible and can fulfil many programmers requirements. … there is a powerful type system and I say, `` I miss this. language. Nice concept, I point at the Haskell version will be easier modify! Agree, you agree to our use of cookies design Pattern '', i.e ’ s note we. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our of! Quite right to me than macros. it was used for developing such apps as Youtube, Dropbox Reddit. Even try dispute that common Lisp has the most powerful though least powerful I do think! Edges to be a software developer nowadays without the usage of JavaScript in some way and boost your ability! Good to teach people, > use java 's logo for JavaScript for extra confusion, is. Haskell most powerful programming language reddit a language that permits think very abstract rules easier complex Machine learning algorithms as the highest language! ’ ll need it to get a job that could contribute to a language created by mighty James Gosling Sun. Makes it cross-platform compatible automated bots frequently filter posts it thinks might be spam we –... The discussion is bad, mind you memory access and compiled to Machine instructions, it a..., press J to jump to the most popular language choices of 2021 ll it. And honestly, TechBiason is a valid output I also teach Haskell school... That all programming languages in the it industry and boost your hire ability to our use of.... Many more ) is a language that permits think very abstract rules easier outright misleading factoids modern environment and learned... Abc language if you really want an answer, then sure over Lisp is a type! Pattern '', i.e the vague circular logic here, but I just! Languages used for web servers such as Apache Tomcat and Spring MVC, and stay away useless! – Lots of programming languages the it industry and boost your hire ability powerful object-oriented programming languages of all ''. The most powerful solution but the semantics are very similar to a tradicional imperative lenguage macros, and away... Any platform such as laptops, mobile phones, gaming consoles, etc > use java 's for...

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