The Black businesswoman refused to sit in the balcony and returned to the main floor. Viola lived in 1910, at address , District of Columbia. Dalhousie University Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H Both her establishments catered to black women. Viola Desmond was born in 1914 in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Like Desmond had, these women had been rejected from all-White beauty schools. Viola Davis was born in Nova Scotia in 1914. This inspirational, courageous black woman defied segregation and started an uproar for the black Canadians in the fight for equality amongst ethnic groups. Viola Desmond Parents She was the daughter of James Albert and Gwendolin Irene Davis. To pass the time while waiting for repairs, she went to the Roseland Theater to watch a movie. Segregation in Nova Scotia was legally ended in 1954. Nova Scotia Supreme Court Justice Maynard Brown Archibald considered the case. Her reporting focuses education, race, and public policy. Her mother was the daughter of a white minister and his wife. Viola grew up with parents who were active in the Black community in Halifax, Nova Scotia, despite the The Teacher Support receives at Viola Desmond is critical to determining its final ranking. She went back to the ticket seller and tried to buy a ticket for the main floor, but the seller said that the main floor was reserved for white customers. Walker, Desmond also launched a beauty line called Vi's Beauty Products. The court case marked the first known legal challenge to segregation presented by a Black woman in Canada, according to the Bank of Canada. Viola Desmond a inspiré le mouvement des droits de la personne au Canada quand elle a refusé de quitter son siège dans un cinéma. With Kudjo Fiakpui, Stacie Harrison, Dwight Layne, Kandyse McClure. The Nova Scotia Association for the Advancement of Coloured People offered its support as well, and Desmond hired a lawyer, Frederick Bissett, to represent her in court. As a young woman, she dreamed of opening a beauty salon, but discovered that Nova Scotia beauty schools did not accept Black students. The following morning Desmond went to trial. You will need to fill out a nomination form in September. Who Was the First Woman Nominated for Vice President? Desmond’s prosperous middle class parents were also racially-mixed. Accessible across all of today's devices: phones, tablets, and desktops. At no point in the proceedings was the issue of race mentioned. We don’t live in America. Viola opened Vi’s Studio of Beauty Culture in Halifax and eventually a beauty school, the Desmond School of Beauty Culture. Viola Desmond’s character was shaped by her close family ties, especially through her relationship with her parents, Gwendolyn and James Davis. This website uses cookies to help deliver and improve our services and provide you with a much richer experience during your visit. When she arrived home, her husband advised her to drop the matter, but the leaders at her place of worship, Cornwallis Street Baptist Church, urged her to fight for her rights. A … They self-identified as “coloured”, a rarity in early twentieth-century Nova Scotia. Meet Viola Desmond, entrepreneur and trailblazer for racial equality in Canada! Viola Desmond was born in 1914 in Halifax, Nova Scotia. She lived in 1940, at address, New York. Viola had 6 siblings: Mary V Desmond , Kate E Desmond and 4 other siblings . Viola T Desmond was born on August 28 1922. Because it cost one cent more for a main floor ticket than for a balcony ticket, Desmond was charged with tax evasion. Viola Desmond (née Davis) was born on July 6, 1914, one of ten children of James Albert and Gwendolin Irene (née Johnson) Davis. We hope you and your family enjoy the NEW Britannica Kids. Guiding Principles Circle . (1914–65). She grew up with 10 siblings! Viola T Desmond 1922 2005 Viola T Desmond, 1922 - 2005. To join the SCC as a voting member at your school, contact the school Principal. School Information News & Events Classrooms Students Parents Currently selected Library School Council You Are Here : Schools: Viola Desmond P.S. Desmond was born Viola Irene Davis on July 6, 1914, in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. As a … Viola lived in 1935, at address, New York. News that she was selected came several months after the announcement that Harriet Tubman would appear on the $20 bill in the United States. Join our School Community Council. A new, third level of content, designed specially to meet the advanced needs of the sophisticated scholar. Desmond was born Viola Irene Davis on July 6, 1914, in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Viola Desmond's family was made up of her parents and 10 siblings. At the same time, until that happens, African Canadian parents need to be teaching their history to their kids until they get to the point that they can recite it in their sleep. Her father, who worked as a stevedore before opening a barbershop, was black, while her mother was white. Viola made the decision to head to Montreal to attend school – she also travelled to Atlantic City and New York to pursue her education. Desmond’s tenacity paid off when she received a diploma from Apex College of Beauty Culture and Hairdressing in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Viola Desmond's family was made up of her parents and 10 siblings. She continued her training in the United States. La mère de Viola, Gwendolin Irene Davis (née Johnson), est la fille d’un couple interracial originaire de New Haven, au Connecticut; son père, un Blanc, est ministre du Culte. But just because Canada lacked Jim Crow didn’t mean Black people there eluded racism, which is why Afua Cooper, Black Canadian studies professor at Dalhousie University in Halifax, told Al Jazeera that Desmond’s case should be viewed through a Canadian lens. She was born on July 6 th 1914 in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Viola knew she was being asked to move because she ws black. During the trial Desmond was not provided with legal counsel nor informed that she was entitled to any, so she defended herself. Desmond’s honours continued in 2018, when she was selected to appear on Canada’s $10 banknote. The same safe and trusted content for explorers of all ages. Viola Desmond's business with her husband was a success — so much so, they decided it was time to expand their business throughout the province of Nova Scotia. Parents Perspectives BUSINESS 11/12/2018 10:42 EST | Updated 11/12/2018 10:42 EST The Viola Desmond $10 Bill, Canada's Latest Banknote, … With community support behind her, including the Nova Scotia Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NSAACP), Desmond decided to fight her conviction. Our learning community empowers students, educators, staff, parents and our neighbourhood. U.S. Social Security Death Index (SSDI) FREE. Viola Desmond Public School is an innovative learning community. Viola Davis was born in Nova Scotia in 1914. Viola Desmond est née en 1914 à Halifax, en Nouvelle‐Écosse. Our family is extremely proud and honored.”. Viola grew up with her grandparents who were active in the black community in Halifax, Nova Scotia, despite the fact that her mother was white and her father black, uncommon for … As a learning community, we are guided by 6 principles that we established together. Her father was raised in a middle-class black family and eventually became a barber. Viola Desmond P.S. We’ve been busy, working hard to bring you new features and an updated design. Her mother was the daughter of a white minister and his wife. Her mother, Gwendolin Irene (Johnson) Davis was the daughter of She grew up middle class, and her parents, James Albert and Gwendolin Irene Davis, were highly involved in Halifax’s Black community. Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page. Viola T Desmond was born circa 1896, at birth place, District of Columbia, to John J Desmond and Helen A Desmond. Walker, American Entrepreneur and Beauty Mogul, Biography of Angela Davis, Political Activist and Academic, 27 Black American Women Writers You Should Know, Biography of Rosa Parks, Civil Rights Pioneer. Busing. She grew up middle class, and her parents, James Albert and Gwendolin Irene Davis, were highly involved in Halifax’s Black community. Following in the footsteps of Madam C.J. Her father was a barber and her mother was white. Bien que la diversité raciale ne soit pas rare au dé… The staff, students, parents and community of Viola Desmond Public School work collaboratively to create a positive school climate that fosters student achievement and well-being. This year Switzerland made second place with its … (Courtesy of Wanda Robson) A few windows of the home where the Davises lived on Gottingen Street were blown out. Walker, who became a millionaire for pioneering beauty treatments and products for Black Americans. For the offense, she paid a $20 fine and $6 in court fees to be released from custody. Wanda Robson has been sharing the story of her sister, Viola Desmond, for years and now she is hoping a special donation will keep her sister’s memory alive for future generations. Viola Desmond Public School is not currently scheduling appointments. Motivated by her parents’ hard work and community involvement, Desmond aspired to build a cosmetics empire. Her mother was the daughter of a white minister and his wife. Her father, James Albert Davis, was a barber. She and her husband, Jack Desmond, launched a hybrid barbershop and beauty salon together. When she entered the theater she tried to sit in a seat on the main floor. The pardon recognized that the conviction was wrongful, and Nova Scotia government officials apologized for Desmond’s treatment. In 2016, the businesswoman was featured in a Historica Canada "Heritage Minute," a quick dramatized look at key events in Canadian history. She then studied at the Field Beauty Culture School in Montreal, Quebec. Although intermarriage between blacks and whites was rare in Canada at the time, her parents were accepted into the black community. Son père, James Albert Davis, est issu d’une famille de la classe moyenne et travaille d’abord dans la manutention avant de devenir barbier. After translating an article, all tools except font up/font down will be disabled. She represents courage, strength and determination—qualities we should all aspire to every day.”. As they were attending business meetings in the province, Viola Desmond had to make a stop in New Glasgow because her car was having trouble. Desmond was born Viola Irene Davis on July 6, 1914, in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Elle est célèbre pour son action contre la ségrégation raciale dans la province de Nouvelle-Écosse, au Canada. Her mother, Gwendolin Irene Davis (née Johnson), was the daughter of a White minister and his wife, who had moved to Halifax from New Haven, Connecticut. Jeune femme, elle rêve d’ouvrir un salon de beauté, mais découvre que les écoles d’esthétique de sa province n’acceptent pas les personnes noires. The lawsuit he filed against Roseland Theatre proved unsuccessful because Bissett argued his client was wrongfully accused of tax evasion instead of pointing out that she was discriminated against based on race. But Davis is not the only civil rights pioneer to be the subject of a recording. Get acquainted with Desmond with this biography. Viola Irene Desmond was born on July 6, 1914, one of ten children of James Albert and Gwendolin Irene (née Johnson) Davis. This courageous woman wasn’t vindicated until April 14, 2010, when the lieutenant governor of Nova Scotia issued an official pardon. However, the ticket taker told her that her ticket was for the balcony. Rebecca_J says: April 19, 2010 at 4:59 pm Thank you for writing this. Viola Desmond was born July 6, 1914. She also traveled to the United States to get the expertise she sought. As a learning community, we are guided by 6 principles that we "Canada has its own homegrown racism, anti-black racism, and anti-African racism that it has to deal with without comparing it to the US. She purchased a ticket at the box office, but when she entered the theater, the usher told her that she had a balcony ticket, not a ticket for the main floor. Viola Desmond Legacy Lecture with Michèle Audette. School Messenger. However, it was clear that Desmond’s real offense was violating the unstated rule that black people were to sit in the balcony seats, segregated from white people on the main floor. It was a long road to get Desmond on the bill. Desmond’s lawyer later applied to the Supreme Court to have the criminal conviction put aside. To learn more about cookies and your cookie choices. Known for refusing to sit in the segregated section of a movie theater, Desmond first graced the note in 2018. Guiding Principles Chart. Pizza Orders. … She grew up middle class, and her parents, James Albert and Gwendolin Irene Davis, were highly involved in Halifax’s Black community. “I think it's about time Canada recognizes its black citizens, people who have suffered,” Cooper said. By having a balcony ticket, she did not pay the extra one-cent amusement tax placed on main-floor seats, where she had sat. The beauty entrepreneur’s sister, Wanda Robson, has been a consistent advocate for her and even wrote a book about Desmond called “Sister to Courage.”, When Desmond was chosen to grace Canada’s $10 bill, Robson said, “It’s a big day to have a woman on a banknote, but it’s an especially big day to have your big sister on a banknote. Et voilà qu’elle figure sur le billet de 10 $. Halifax’s beauty schools were off limits to Black women, so Desmond traveled to Montreal to attend the Field Beauty Culture School, one of the rare institutions that accepted Black students. Directed by Grant Harvey. “Today is about recognizing the incalculable contribution that all women have had and continue to have in shaping Canada’s story,” Canadian Minister of Finance Bill Morneau said of Desmond’s selection in December 2016. But as a child, Desmond developed an interest in cosmetology due to the dearth of Black haircare products available in her area. Follow the Halton District School Board. She took the stand that would make her a hero in the Black community after her car broke down on November 8, 1946, during a trip she took to sell beauty products. We're Social! Although Desmond lost, her efforts inspired Black Nova Scotians to demand equal treatment and put a spotlight on racial injustice in Canada. Viola Desmond School Hours. The fact that her father worked as a barber must have inspired her as well. Her father was raised in a middle-class black family and eventually became a barber. Instead of giving up her dream, Desmond trained as a hairdresser and beautician in Montréal and the United States. Nine years before Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama bus to a White man, Desmond refused to sit in the Black section of a movie theater in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. Her mother, Gwendolin Irene (née Johnson) Davis, was the daughter of a white minister and his wife who had moved to Halifax from New Haven, Connecticut, U.S. Inclement Weather Procedures. Her father was raised in a middle-class black family and eventually became a barber. Britannica does not review the converted text. A documentary about Desmond's life, “Journey to Justice,” debuted in 2000. Viola Desmond was born circa 1901, at birth place, New York. She will replace Canada’s first prime minister, John A. Macdonald, who will be featured on a higher-value bill instead. After returning to Canada she married Jack Desmond. Viola passed away on December 29 2005, at age 83. Her white lawyer chose not to take on the violation of Desmond’s rights. She was charged with attempting to defraud the government. Viola Desmond Canada has a history of having unique black Canadians who have taken matters into hand to make a difference. Her mother, Gwendolin Irene (Johnson) Davis was the daughter of a white minister and his wife. Head Lice. Guiding Principles Movie. She was born on July 6 th 1914 in Halifax, Nova Scotia. In 1947 he ruled against Desmond, stating that the decision of the original court should have been appealed to the County Court. On a rainy November day in 1946, Viola decided that she would not give up her seat in the unofficial white section of a movie theatre in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. When Desmond received the training she needed, she opened a salon of her own, Vi’s Studio of Beauty Culture in Halifax, in 1937. Her legacy was solidified by her fight for equality amongst the blacks and withes. Viola Desmond Timeline July 6, 1914 Born Viola Irene Davis in Halifax, Nova Scotia, she was the daughter of James Davis, a self-employed barber and businessman, and Gwendolyn Irene Johnson, a homemaker. L’union des parents de Viola, en 1908, était considérée comme un mariage interracial. 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