Mostly political for Charles II of England deemed the "Hull Mint" high treason in the United Kingdom which had a punishment of Hanging, drawing and quartering. [60] Many prominent American political dynasties have hailed from the state, including the Adams and Kennedy families. Additionally, air leaks will be detected in the home or building and patched, and recommendations will be made to install additional insulation to decrease the loss of heated or cooled air. [109] (The Constitution of Vermont, adopted in 1777, represented the first partial ban on slavery. [288] Massachusetts has a total of 1,110 miles (1,790 km) of freight trackage in operation. It is home to the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history, ac… [82][83] Between 1617 and 1619, what was possibly smallpox killed approximately 90% of the Massachusetts Bay Native Americans. Grazie al fascino degli eventi storici che hanno avuto luogo in questa zona, il Massachusetts è un'importante meta turistica. [156] Other marine species include Harbor seals, the endangered North Atlantic right whales, as well as humpback whales, fin whales, minke whales, and Atlantic white-sided dolphins. [162] These costs are attributed to expected coastal home damage, roadway destruction, and existing utility infrastructure exposure. [165], Mass Save also conducts no-cost in-home energy assessments so that homeowners, renters, and small business owners may educate themselves about energy efficiency-related home improvements and find opportunities to save money and energy. [68], Depending on how it is calculated, state and local tax burden in Massachusetts has been estimated among U.S. states and Washington D.C. as 21st-highest (11.44% or $6,163 per year for a household with nationwide median income)[251] or 25th-highest overall with below-average corporate taxes (39th-highest), above-average personal income taxes, (13th-highest), above-average sales tax (18th-highest), and below-average property taxes (46th-highest). Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015", "State's population growth on stagnant course", "Minorities account for state population growth", "The most Irish town in America is named using US census data", "Americans under age 1 now mostly minorities, but not in Ohio: Statistical Snapshot", "SELECTED POPULATION PROFILE IN THE UNITED STATES 2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates—Chinese alone, Massachusetts", "PEOPLE REPORTING ANCESTRY 2012-2016 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates", "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES—2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates", "DP02 Selected Social Characteristics in the United States—2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates", "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES—2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates", "Lowell hopes to put 'Little Cambodia' on the map", "2011-2015 American Community Survey Selected Population Tables", "Indian Reservations in the Continental United States", "Bostonians /r/ Speaking: A Quantitative Look at (R) in Boston", "Headquarters of the Unitarian Universalist Association", "The UUA to Sell its Beacon Hill Properties, Move to Innovation District", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "2015-16 SAT Performance Statewide Report", "The 10 Best U.S. States for Education—2. Massachusetts is the 7th-smallest state in the United States. Above the drawing is the state motto, “Ditat Deus,” meaning “God Enriches.” History of the Great Seal of Arizona (PDF) What does the name Massachusetts mean? [260] Massachusetts also charges a use tax when goods are bought from other states and the vendor does not remit Massachusetts sales tax; taxpayers report and pay this on their income tax forms or dedicated forms, though there are "safe harbor" amounts that can be paid without tallying up actual purchases (except for purchases over $1,000). [143] Currently, forests cover around 62% of Massachusetts. [97] Shortly after the arrival of the new province's first governor, William Phips, the Salem witch trials took place, where a number of men and women were hanged for alleged witchcraft. [388] 37.2% of the population is overweight and 21.7% is obese,[389] and Massachusetts ranks sixth-highest in the percentage of residents who are considered neither obese nor overweight (41.1%). The earliest animal symbol to be adopted was the Morgan horse in 1970, while the most recent as of 2014 was the garter snake, adopted in 2008. Massachusetts , officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the Northeastern United States. [179], Most Bay State residents live within the Boston Metropolitan Area, also known as Greater Boston, which includes Boston and its proximate surroundings but also extending to Greater Lowell and to Worcester. Originariamente dipendente dalla pesca, dall'agricoltura e dal commercio, il Massachusetts, è stato trasformato in un centro di produzione durante la Rivoluzione Industriale. To the left, on a mountainside, is a quartz mill with a miner with a pick and shovel. Boston's South Station serves as the terminus for three lines, namely the high-speed Acela Express, which links to cities such as Providence, New Haven, New York City, and eventually Washington DC; the Northeast Regional, which follows the same route but includes many more stops, and also continues further south to Newport News in Virginia; and the Lake Shore Limited, which runs westward to Worcester, Springfield, and eventually Chicago. [97] Protests against British attempts to tax the colonies after the French and Indian War ended in 1763 led to the Boston Massacre in 1770, and the 1773 Boston Tea Party escalated tensions. The Massachusetts State Seal, adopted by Governor John Hancock and the Council on December 13, 1780 and made official by the General Court on June 4, 1885, is circular and bears a representation of the arms of the Commonwealth encircled with the words, "Sigillum … [116] At first, the new industries drew labor from Yankees on nearby subsistence farms, and later relied upon immigrant labor from Europe and Canada. In questo Stato sono nati e sono state codificate le regole di due degli sport di squadra più praticati in assoluto: il basket a Springfield e la pallavolo a Holyoke; le due città sono oggi rispettivamente sedi del Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame e del Volleyball Hall of Fame, in cui vengono ricordati le più grandi personalità legate alla pallacanestro e alla pallavolo. [364][365], Boston's annual St. Patrick's Day parade and "Harborfest", a week-long Fourth of July celebration featuring a fireworks display and concert by the Boston Pops as well as a turnaround cruise in Boston Harbor by the USS Constitution, are popular events. [131], In 1987, the state received federal funding for the Central Artery/Tunnel Project. [305][306] Massachusetts has a pro-sanctuary city law. [67] The state has been ranked as one of the top states in the United States for citizens to live in, as well as one of the most expensive. [128], Massachusetts manufactured 3.4 percent of total United States military armaments produced during World War II, ranking tenth among the 48 states. [275], Outside of Boston, Amtrak connects several cities across Massachusetts, along the aforementioned Acela, Northeast Regional, Lake Shore Limited, and Downeaster lines, as well as other routes in central and western Massachusetts. Increasing temperatures coupled with increasing precipitation will result in earlier snow melts and subsequent drier soil in the summer months. Possible interpretations of the exact origin of the word Massachusetts: [409][410], Massachusetts has produced several successful Olympians including Butch Johnson, Nancy Kerrigan, Todd Richards, Albina Osipowich, Aly Raisman, and Susan Rojcewicz. [142] The headquarters of the Unitarian Universalist Association, long located on Beacon Hill, is now located in South Boston. [140] In addition, the Department of Conservation and Recreation maintains a number of parks, trails, and beaches throughout Massachusetts. Two pressure cooker bombs exploded near the finish line of the Boston Marathon on April 15, 2013, at around 2:49 pm EDT. [389] Massachusetts also ranks above average in the prevalence of binge drinking, which is the 20th-highest in the country. Nel 1620 la Mayflower attraccò a Plymouth e vi sbarcarono i Padri Pellegrini (Pilgrim Fathers) che fondarono la prima colonia inglese nel Nuovo Mondo con 102 coloni. English Americans, the third-largest (11.4%) group, have lived there the longest but form a plurality only in some western towns. Eight years later, former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney (Republican nominee) lost to Barack Obama in 2012. [52] The rebellion was one of the major factors in the decision to draft a stronger national constitution to replace the Articles of Confederation. The background color of this state flag is white. Nel 1837, il Mount Holyoke College, il primo college degli Stati Uniti per le donne, è stato inaugurato nella città di South Hadley. Commonly known as "the Big Dig", it was, at the time, the biggest federal highway project ever approved. [252] In the 1970s, the Commonwealth ranked as a relatively high-tax state, gaining the pejorative nickname "Taxachusetts". The official state song of Massachusetts is “All Hail to Massachusetts,” written by Arthur J. Marsh.It was unofficially adopted in 1966, but it was written into law by the state Legislature in September 1981. [243], While manufacturing comprised less than 10% of Massachusetts's gross state product in 2016, the Commonwealth ranked 16th in the nation in total manufacturing output in the United States. The U.S. National Park Service administers a number of natural and historical sites in Massachusetts. Another eight years later, Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren was a frontrunner in the Democratic primaries for the 2020 Presidential Election, but suspended her campaign and then endorsed presumptive nominee Joe Biden. Above the shield is an arm and a sword, representing the first part of the motto. [307], The Government of Massachusetts is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. [283] Service between the two islands is also offered. Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem has not been specifically adopted as the motto of Massachusetts but has been accepted as an element of the arms and seal of the Commonwealth. to require all new cars sold to be electric by 2035 as part of climate-change measures", Massachusetts 2050 Decarbonization Roadmap, "Resident Population of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico", "QuickFacts Massachusetts; UNITED STATES", "Table 1. Nell'anno 1621 ebbe luogo la prima festa del ringraziamento. The more than 33,000 nonprofits in Massachusetts employ one-sixth of the state's workforce. [136] George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States (1989–1993) was born in Milton in 1924. Il clima è più freddo ma più secco nel Massachusetts occidentale, ma in questa zona le nevicate invernali possono essere più intense che in prossimità della costa. [259], The state imposes a 6.25% sales tax[257] on retail sales of tangible personal property—except for groceries, clothing (up to $175.00), and periodicals. Massachusetts State Flag On a white field is a blue shield emblazoned with the image of a Native American, Massachuset. [124] In 1852, Massachusetts became the first state to pass compulsory education laws. [262], Massachusetts has 10 regional metropolitan planning organizations and three non-metropolitan planning organizations covering the remainder of the state;[266] statewide planning is handled by the Massachusetts Department of Transportation. Despite its small size, Massachusetts features numerous topographically distinctive regions. [138] It was included in the 2016 United States presidential election ballot in Massachusetts as an indirectly initiated state statute.[139]. Diversamente dagli altri stati del New England l'agricoltura e l'allevamento non costituiscono una voce importante nell'economia del paese, mentre è assai sviluppata la pesca e Boston è il primo porto peschereccio degli USA. [320] In 2020, Biden received 65.6% of the vote, the best performance in over 50 years for a Democrat. Nel 1692, la città di Salem e le zone circostanti hanno vissuto uno dei maggiori episodi di isteria di massa negli Stati Uniti, le streghe di Salem. [231] As of January 2020, Massachusetts state general minimum wage is $13.50 per hour while the minimum wage for tipped workers is $5.55 an hour. Today, Christians make up 57% of the state's population, with Protestants making up 21% of them. [120] Ralph Waldo Emerson, who was born in Boston but spent much of his later life in Concord, largely created the philosophy with his 1836 work Nature, and continued to be a key figure in the movement for the remainder of his life. [262] In 2018, renewable energy was about 7.2 percent of total energy consumed in the state, ranking 34th. Massachusettsan (recommended by the U.S. GPO)[9], Massachusetts (/ˌmæsəˈtʃuːsɪts/ (listen), /-zɪts/), officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the Northeastern United States. ", "Number of Farms Numbers Continue Slight Rise in 2012", "Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources", "Waltham nonprofit WATCH CDC recognized at Statehouse", "2016's States with the Highest & Lowest Tax Rates", "Massachusetts Implements Reduction in Personal Income Tax Rates", "Income tax rate to fall on Jan. 1—The Boston Globe". The Massachusetts State Senate on Tuesday, July 28, 2020 passed legislation that would establish a commission to study and redesign the Massachusetts state seal and motto in an effort to make it more inclusive and historically representational. Circa due terzi della popolazione del Massachusetts vive nella Grande Boston. There are a total of 36,800 miles (59,200 km) of interstates and other highways in Massachusetts. [338] Most of the county governments were abolished by the state of Massachusetts beginning in 1997 including Middlesex County,[339] the largest county in the state by population. The largest ancestry group in Massachusetts are the Irish (22.5% of the population), who live in significant numbers throughout the state but form more than 40% of the population along the South Shore in Norfolk and Plymouth counties (in both counties overall, Irish-Americans comprise more than 30% of the population). The phrase is often loosely translated into English as "By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty." L'industria è molto sviluppata, in particolare nei settori tessile, cartaria, calzaturifici, elettrotecnica, meccanica, navale, grafico-editoriale (il News-Letter, il primo giornale delle tredici colonie, uscì a Boston nel 1704). [247] Particular agricultural products of note include green house products making up more than one third of the state's agricultural output, cranberries, sweet corn and apples are also large sectors of production. In its current form, the state seal shows a hand holding the sword over the head of a Native American with the Latin motto the translates to, “by the sword we seek peace.” The sword symbolizes Myles Standish, an English militia leader in the 1600s who attacked Native American settlements. The form Esse, non Videri ("to act, not to seem to be") is the Wallenberg family motto. LARGER FLAG: View this flag at … [395], The state of Massachusetts is a center for medical education and research including Harvard's Brigham and Women's Hospital, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute[396] as well as the New England Baptist Hospital, Tufts Medical Center, and Boston Medical Center which is the primary teaching hospital for Boston University. The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, which is also the most populous city in New England. Le franchigie del Massachusetts che partecipano al Big Four (le quattro grandi leghe sportive professionistiche americane) sono: Altre franchigie statali afferenti alle altre leghe sportive professionistiche sono: Soprannomi degli Stati federati degli Stati Uniti d'America, Massachusetts, un’economia all’insegna dell’innovazione, Massachusetts Statistiche tratte dall'USDA, Massachusetts nella guerra di secessione americana, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, Il DiPI – Dizionario di pronuncia italiana,,, Pagine con argomenti di formatnum non numerici, Template Webarchive - collegamenti all'Internet Archive, Voci non biografiche con codici di controllo di autorità, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo, Ensis petit placidam sub libertate quietem (la spada cerca quiete serena nella libertà), 11,4% statunitensi di ascendenza britannica. La sua costa è formata da molte grandi baie distinte. [179], As of 2014, in terms of race and ethnicity, Massachusetts was 83.2% White (73.7% Non-Hispanic White), 8.8% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American and Alaska Native, 6.3% Asian American, <0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 2.1% from some other race, and 3.1% from two or more races. GOP Voters Like Trump More Than Their Republican Governors", "Same-sex couples ready to make history in Massachusetts", United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts, 2008, "Massachusetts voters approve ballot measure to legalize medical marijuana", "Massachusetts issues first marijuana license", "Massachusetts Senate Overrides Veto, Passes Law Expanding Abortion Access", "Information and Historical Data on Cities, Towns, and Counties in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts", Administrative divisions of Massachusetts#The city/town distinction, "Boston's population stays flat, but still ranks as 11th-largest in U.S. (BBJ DataCenter)", "Massachusetts Facts Part One: Concise Facts", "Massachusetts Government: County Government", "UConn Poll: New Englanders & Regional Identity", "Rocking history lesson shows city was in a class by itself", "Boston plans to hold Fourth of July celebrations Thursday", "A Spectator's Guide To The 2015 Boston Marathon", "Nielson Media Research Local Universe Estimates (US)", "US Newspaper—Search Results (Massachusetts)", "About the BU Literary Society and Clarion", "Doctors per 100,000 Resident Population, 2007", "Persons With and Without Health Insurance Coverage by State: 2007", "Here's how your life expectancy varies based on which state you're born in", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Booziest states in America: Who binge drinks most? [340][341] The voters of these now-defunct counties elect only Sheriffs and Registers of Deeds, who are part of the state government. [182] Population growth was largely due to a relatively high quality of life and a large higher education system in the state. Note: Municipalities not listed have a town meeting form of government (see, Other British colonial entities in the contemporary, Non-British colonial entities in the contemporary United States, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 23:48. Massachusetts was founded and settled by Brownist Puritans in 1620[88] and soon after by other groups of Separatists/Dissenters, Nonconformists and Independents from 17th century England. ", "A Practical Guide to Living in the State—Education", "National Liberal Arts Colleges Rankings", "Apps Test | U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)", "Fortune 500 List by State for 2018—GeographyRealm", "Here are the Most Innovative States in America in 2016", "Here's a new list of the richest people in Mass.—The Boston Globe", "Monthly Airport Traffic Summary—December 2015", "Venture Investment—Regional Aggregate Data", "Where do Massachusetts tourists come from? Insieme con dodici siti storici nazionali, il National Park Service gestisce anche il Cape Cod National Seashore e la Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area. [148] White-tailed deer, raccoons, wild turkeys, and eastern gray squirrels are also found throughout Massachusetts. [299][300][301] It has been amended 120 times, most recently in 2000. Several regional and short line railroads also provide service and connect with other railroads. [162] These increased precipitation patterns are focused in the winter and spring. Green, James R., William F. Hartford, and Tom Juravich. The plan calls for major investments in offshore wind and solar energy and would require all new automobiles sold to be zero-emissions (electric or hydrogen powered) by 2035. Ferry services are operated throughout different regions of the states. Massachusetts was the first state to recruit, train, and arm a Black regiment with White officers, the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment. Plymouth was the site of the second colony in New England after Popham Colony in 1607 in what is now Maine. [76] Massachusetts has the same position and powers within the United States as other states. By the 1920s, competition from the South and Midwest, followed by the Great Depression, led to the collapse of the three main industries in Massachusetts: textiles, shoemaking, and precision mechanics. [292] Massachusetts has 39 public-use airfields[293] and more than 200 private landing spots. [260] The sales tax is charged on clothing that costs more than $175.00, for the amount exceeding $175.00. Plymouth is the largest municipality in the state by land area, followed by Middleborough. [244] This includes a diverse array of manufactured goods such as medical devices, paper goods, specialty chemicals and plastics, telecommunications and electronics equipment, and machined components. The Associated Press maintains a bureau in Boston, and local news wire the State House News Service feeds coverage of state government to other Massachusetts media outlets. Eleven communities which call themselves "towns" are, by law, cities since they have traded the town meeting form of government for a mayor-council or manager-council form. [353][354] Tanglewood, in western Massachusetts, is a music venue that is home to both the Tanglewood Music Festival and Tanglewood Jazz Festival, as well as the summer host for the Boston Symphony Orchestra. [44] Originally dependent on agriculture, fishing and trade,[45] Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. [59] The American Hockey League (AHL), the NHL's development league, is headquartered in Springfield.[405]. [287], As of 2018, a number of freight railroads were operating in Massachusetts, with Class I railroad CSX being the largest carrier, and another Class 1, Norfolk Southern serving the state via its Pan Am Southern joint partnership. [129] In Eastern Massachusetts, following World War II, the economy was transformed from one based on heavy industry into a service-based economy. Il Massachusetts è il 6º Stato degli USA per PIL pro capite[5], con un PIL generale di 484.943 milioni di dollari nel 2015. Questions: 1. Il Massachusetts si trova nella regione del Nuova Inghilterra nel nord-est degli Stati Uniti, e ha una superficie di 27 336 chilometri quadrati. Some colleges and universities also operate campus television and radio stations, and print their own newspapers. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. [258] An unusual provision allows filers to voluntarily pay at the pre-referendum 5.85% income tax rate, which is done by between one and two thousand taxpayers per year. Massachusetts is the fastest-growing state in New England and the 25th fastest-growing state in the United States. Luglio è il mese più caldo, con medie di circa 22 °C, rispetto ai -3 °C di gennaio, il mese più freddo. The earliest record we can find of the motto being used is 1775. "On April 6, 1681, Randolph petitioned the king, informing him the colony was still pressing their own coins which he saw as high treason and believed it was enough to void the charter. [330] Voters in Massachusetts also approved a ballot measure in 2012 that legalized the medical use of marijuana. In Massachusetts, eleven Program Administrators, including NSTAR, National Grid, Western Massachusetts Electric, Cape Light Compact, Until, and Berkshire Gas, jointly own the rights to this program, in conjunction with the MA Department of Energy Resources (DOER) and the Energy Efficiency Advisory Council (EEAC). 600 British ships. [ 107 ] the Unitarian Universalist Association, long located on Beacon,!, 9, 24, and Tom Juravich inglesi, la zona era da... State by land area, followed by other Puritans, who established the Massachusetts Court. Appointments and certifying elections Stato ha avuto un ruolo storico, culturale e commerciale molto significativo nella storia.... 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Massachusetts era un importante centro per i movimenti trascendentalisti e abolizionisti leading destinations Bay banished dissenters as! The form of bus services in the increasingly urbanized Massachusetts. [ 267 ] [ 46 ] the... Or about the great hill. sito della colonia fondata nel 1620 dai Pellegrini... Civil War ” 2012, PDF file on Lake Quinsigamond and the Head of the Patriot.!